Spinal Stabilization Surgery
Dislocation of the vertebra, spinal deformation, scoliosis, spinal stenosis and hernia are some of the prominent reasons why spinal problems arise. When problems arise with the spine, they are marked with excruciating and unbearable pains. Nonsurgical methods are present to treat these pains, however they may not always be effective. This is where a spinal stabilization surgery becomes essential. Generally speaking, a spinal stabilization surgery is any surgery that tends to correct deformities in the spine.
Usually, artificial techniques are used to bring about spinal stabilization. Grafts and implants within the spine might be inserted in order to correct spinal issues. Two major kinds of implants used are pedicle screws and rods. These help significantly when the discs have moved apart from each other due to some reason, thus necessitating a spinal fusion procedure. The introduction of the screws or the rods helps the discs to come back together and unite over time. Thus, the artificial inserts act in the manner of a support system for the spine fusion to occur.
The spinal inserts themselves have undergone a lot of development since the early 1950s when they were first introduced. The inserts of those times were rigid and made of metal. The metals were carefully chosen from among those that do not rust. These were durable and long term options for the herniated patients, but there was the discomfort of the thick metallic insert present in their body. Though there would be no sensation of the metal insert, the manner in which it was placed made certain body movements impossible. Some later inserts were quite bulky. A famous insert is the two-sided metal rod which would clasp the spinal column from both sides. Though the support was commendably rigid, there was the question of tension that was created due to the two individual rods of the insert.
Slowly, these metal insert options passed into oblivion as researches brought to the limelight newer and better ways of stabilizing the spine. Today, bioactive materials are used so that they adapt themselves to the body and indeed become a part of the body which is what must be expected to happen. Bioresorbable and radiolucent materials are used prominently today. For metal options, titanium alloys are looked at with favor.
At the same time, doctors are also stressing on the importance of spinal stabilization exercises and asking patients to consider whether they would like to try these exercises as an alternative to surgery. The intention of these exercises is to train the body to move in the natural direction of movement of the spine. This helps the spine to stay healthier and does not cause disc problems. In fact, if the person puts in a habit of spine stabilization right from the start, the question of spinal repair would never arise. Patients are also explained how spinal health is related with cardiovascular health.
Spine stabilization surgery has improved in recent times; today there are improved methods for pediatric and veterinary uses too. However, the introduction of minimally invasive surgical procedures in recent times, such as the presence of laser endoscopy, is pushing the prominence of spine stabilization surgery into the past.